These academic publications provide a scholarly, empirically informed perspective on Graduate Employability and the networked approach.

The articles include:

Ruth’s discussion paper Graduate Employability 2.0, which presents an overview of the research into the roles that digital and face-to-face social networks play in 21st century life and work, and suggests how higher education can foster students’ social network capabilities. Decades of research into career success, innovation and professional learning demonstrate the impact of social capital on success in work and life, and yet social networks and the capabilities required to build, navigate and use them, are rarely addressed either in graduate employability research or curricula. Over the last fifteen years the impact of digital networks and social media on all aspects of professional work has been significant, but these are even less likely to be addressed in university programs. This article explores the important roles of social capital and networks on various facets of professional life in the 21st century, and proposes ways forward for higher education in fostering students’ social network capabilities for life and work now and into the digital future.


Ruth’s book chapter The University and the Knowledge Network, which explores the imperative for universities to connect with in the 21st century knowledge society. This chapter proposes a 21st century alternative to the dominant ‘skills’ approach to graduate employability in higher education. The alternative approach places the university at the centre of a global and continually evolving knowledge network, and emphasises the role of the university as intellectual property creator, social network hub and knowledge broker, supporting learners to develop personal agency and adaptive identities as well as knowledge and skills throughout the lifespan.